In 2020, the extensive consequences of the COVID-19 crisis placed social protection at the center of attention. As the health, economic and social impacts of COVID-19 echoed all over the world, the Jordanian government announced several social protection programs to support workers following the implementation of lockdowns.
However, most of these programs were accessible for Jordanian workers only. The exclusion of migrant and refugee workers occurred despite many of them working in the formal sector and being registered in the Social Security System. Many of these workers could neither benefit from the programs announced by the Social Security Corporation (SSC) nor the National Aid Program.
This study looks at migrant workers’ access to social protection in Jordan. It covers the national legal framework for social protection in Jordan, migrant workers’ contributions to the SSC, the barriers they face accessing social protection programs and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on them. At the end of the study, conclusions and recommendations are drawn.
The study was produced by Tamkeen for Legal Aid and Human Rights in cooperation with the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung - Palestine and Jordan.
Table of contents
|First Chapter: Social Protection||5|
|Definition of Social Protection||5|
|International Framework for Social Protection||5|
|Second Chapter: Social Protection in Jordan||10|
|National Legal Framework for Social Protection||10|
|Chapter Three: Social Protection during the COVID-19 Pandemic||15|
|Chapter Four: Migrant Workers in Jordan before and during the Pandemic||28|
|Status of Migrants in Jordan||28|
|Migrant Workers in the Informal Economy||32|
|Chapter Five: The Impact of COVID-19 on Migrant Workers||35|
|First: Qualified Industrial Zones Workers||36|
|Second: Agricultural workers||42|
|Third: Construction Workers||47|
|Fourth: Domestic Workers||50|
|Conclusion and Recommendations||53|